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===============================================================================
SSSS tt lll lll
SS SS tt ll ll
SS tttttt eeee ll ll aaaa
SSSS tt ee ee ll ll aa
SS tt eeeeee ll ll aaaaa -- "An Atari 2600 VCS Emulator"
SS SS tt ee ll ll aa aa
SSSS ttt eeeee llll llll aaaaa
===============================================================================
Release 1.1 for DOS, Linux, and Unix
===============================================================================
The Atari 2600 Video Computer System (VCS), introduced in 1977, was the most
popular home video game system of the early 1980's. Now you can enjoy all of
your favorite Atari 2600 games on your PC thanks to Stella!
Stella is a multi-platform Atari 2600 VCS emulator written in C++. Stella
allows you to play most of the games written for the Atari 2600 including
Supercharger games.
This is the 1.1 release of Stella for DOS, Linux, and Unix. Distributions
for other operating systems will appear as they become available. The three
distributions currently available are:
* Binary distribution for Linux (stella-1.1-linux-x86.tar.gz)
* Binary distribution for DOS (st11.zip)
* Source code distribution for Unix and DOS (stella-1.1-src.tar.gz)
A few 2600 ROM images, BIN files, are included with these distributions.
BEYOND THESE FILES NONE OF THE DISTRIBUTIONS CONTAIN ANY 2600 ROM IMAGES.
PLEASE DON'T WRITE ASKING FOR ROMS BECAUSE THEY ARE COPYRIGHTED! If you
own any of the Atari 2600 Action Packs by Activision you can use the ROM
images from them with Stella.
New in this Release
===================
* DOS and Linux versions support real Atari 2600 paddles using a
special PC game port adaptor
* Linux version uses the new 1.2.x joystick driver API
* Added support for the "-display" option to the X Window version
* Added support for private colormaps to the X Window version
* Fixed a few bugs in the Supercharger emulation
- A major bug in the ROM loading routine was fixed
- Multi-loading in "Escape from the Mindmaster" works correctly
- All Supercharger games load and execute at this point
* Added a small hack to the TIA code to fix a display problem in "Escape
from the Mindmaster"
* Improved TIA emulation to support the RESPx multi-sprite trick
Distribution Site
=================
The Stella distributions can be obtained from the Stella home page at:
http://stella.atari.org
If for some reason you are unable to connect to this page please try
again later or try http://www4.ncsu.edu/~bwmott/2600/.
Contacts
========
If you have any questions regarding Stella send mail to:
Bradford W. Mott (bwmott@acm.org)
Have Fun!
===============================================================================
SSSS tt lll lll
SS SS tt ll ll
SS tttttt eeee ll ll aaaa
SSSS tt ee ee ll ll aa
SS tt eeeeee ll ll aaaaa -- "An Atari 2600 VCS Emulator"
SS SS tt ee ll ll aa aa
SSSS ttt eeeee llll llll aaaaa
===============================================================================
Release History
===============================================================================
1.0 to 1.1: (February 26, 1999)
* DOS and Linux versions support real Atari 2600 paddles using a
special PC game port adaptor
* Linux version uses the new 1.2.x joystick driver API
* Added support for the "-display" option to the X Window version
* Added support for private colormaps to the X Window version
* Fixed a few bugs in the Supercharger emulation
- A major bug in the ROM loading routine was fixed
- Multi-loading in "Escape from the Mindmaster" works correctly
- All Supercharger games load and execute at this point
* Added a small hack to the TIA code to fix a display problem in "Escape
from the Mindmaster"
* Improved TIA emulation to support the RESPx multi-sprite trick
1.0b1 to 1.0: (October 7, 1998)
* DOS version supports 320x200 and 320x240 graphics modes
* Several portability issues have been resolved
* Preliminary support for Chris Wilkson's Megacart bank-switching scheme
* BSDI target included in makefile
* Improved Users Manual in several "popular" formats
0.7 to 1.0b1: (July 25, 1998)
* Supports the following controllers:
Joysticks, Paddles, Booster-Grip, Keyboard and Driving
* Supports the following bank switching methods:
2K, 3F, 4K, AR, E0, E7, F4SC, F6, F8, F8SC, FASC, FE
* Properties are associated with games using their MD5 checksum
calculated on the entire ROM image
* Uses the new 'stella.pro' file format for game properties
* Includes Erik's latest stella.pro properties file
* New frame rate throttle code for X windows GUI
* Based on the new and improved M6502 CPU emulation
* Improvements to TIA emulation
- Support HMOVE blanks
- Improved Cosmic Ark star field effect
- Some support for the RESPx multiple sprite trick
- Support NTSC and PAL palettes
* Improvements to PIA emulation (timing)
* Improved Supercharger emulation
0.6 to 0.7: (June 7, 1997)
* Improved emulation speed of TIA and 6507
* Added Starpath Supercharger support
* Added Tigervision bank-switching support (3F bank-switching)
* Added pause game feature for Unix and DOS
* VCS files combined into a single builtin property file
* Added TIA HMOVE "feature" to support Cosmic Ark stars
* Improved TIA VSYNC code so that it works more like the real
thing (0.6 VSYNC code caused the graphics of some games to
be off such as Alien and Battle Zone)
* Added two 6507 emulators: one is designed to act more like
the real thing, while the other is designed to be as fast as
possible (required for Supercharger support)
* Changed TIA peeking so lower nibble of byte read is the same
as the TIA address being accessed (Warlords now works)
0.5 to 0.6: (January 18, 1997)
* Fixed collision detection problem (Freeway works)
* Changed PIA timing code to fix screen jitters
* Added new bank-switching methods: F4SC (Fatal Run), E7 (Burgertime)
* Fixed some code in the TIA emulation that caused SEGFAULTS
* Improved frame rate throttling code to work better on fast machines
* Improved TIA emulation (missle graphics are fully emulated now)
* Included Bob Colbert's "Okie Dokie" game
* Uses version 1.1 of the TIA Sound library by Ron Fries
0.4 to 0.5: (November 17, 1996)
* Added sound support
* Added new bank-switching methods: F8SC (Defender II), FASC (CBS RAM+)
* Changed TIA so peeking $E and $F return $F not $0 for Haunted House
* Changed PIA timing code to fix screen jitters in Frogger
* Addressing scheme rewritten
* Optimized 6507 memory accesses
* Randomized memory in PIA upon startup
* Removed auto-disabling of objects at the start of a frame
so you can't walk through walls in Adventure
* Changed the X windows terminal update method to make it faster and
easier to understand
0.3 to 0.4 (August 28, 1996):
* TIA code has been optimized some
* Some games can be played with just a ROM image
* New search method for ROM images (no more STELLA_PATH)
* Delta screen update supported
* Better error handling added to the "core"
0.2 to 0.3 (July 12, 1996):
* Keyboard joystick support is much better (Daniel Marks)
* Paddles are now supported via the mouse (Bradford Mott)
* Many portability issues have been resolved (Keith Wilkins)
* Fixed a problem with the 6507 ADC and SBC instructions that caused
some games (Enduro) not to work correctly (Bradford Mott)
* Power Macintosh port (Aaron Giles)
* Windows 95 & NT port (Jeff Miller)
===============================================================================
SSSS tt lll lll
SS SS tt ll ll
SS tttttt eeee ll ll aaaa
SSSS tt ee ee ll ll aa
SS tt eeeeee ll ll aaaaa -- "An Atari 2600 VCS Emulator"
SS SS tt ee ll ll aa aa
SSSS ttt eeeee llll llll aaaaa
===============================================================================
License Information and Copyright Notice
===============================================================================
Copyright (C) 1995-2002 Bradford W. Mott <bwmott@acm.org>
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify it under
the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by the Free Software
Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or any later version.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License version 2
along with this program (License.txt); if not, write to the Free Software
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This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful, but WITHOUT
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ARISING OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, ITS DOCUMENTATION, OR ANY DERIVATIVES
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THE AUTHORS AND DISTRIBUTORS SPECIFICALLY DISCLAIM ANY WARRANTIES, INCLUDING,
BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A
PARTICULAR PURPOSE, AND NON-INFRINGEMENT. THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED ON AN
"AS IS" BASIS, AND THE AUTHORS AND DISTRIBUTORS HAVE NO OBLIGATION TO PROVIDE
MAINTENANCE, SUPPORT, UPDATES, ENHANCEMENTS, OR MODIFICATIONS.
GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
Version 2, June 1991
Copyright (C) 1989, 1991 Free Software Foundation, Inc.
59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111 USA
Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies
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GNU GENERAL PUBLIC LICENSE
TERMS AND CONDITIONS FOR COPYING, DISTRIBUTION AND MODIFICATION
0. This License applies to any program or other work which contains
a notice placed by the copyright holder saying it may be distributed
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either verbatim or with modifications and/or translated into another
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the term "modification".) Each licensee is addressed as "you".
Activities other than copying, distribution and modification are not
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running the Program is not restricted, and the output from the Program
is covered only if its contents constitute a work based on the
Program (independent of having been made by running the Program).
Whether that is true depends on what the Program does.
1. You may copy and distribute verbatim copies of the Program's
source code as you receive it, in any medium, provided that you
conspicuously and appropriately publish on each copy an appropriate
copyright notice and disclaimer of warranty; keep intact all the
notices that refer to this License and to the absence of any warranty;
and give any other recipients of the Program a copy of this License
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You may charge a fee for the physical act of transferring a copy, and
you may at your option offer warranty protection in exchange for a fee.
2. You may modify your copy or copies of the Program or any portion
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when run, you must cause it, when started running for such
interactive use in the most ordinary way, to print or display an
announcement including an appropriate copyright notice and a
notice that there is no warranty (or else, saying that you provide
a warranty) and that users may redistribute the program under
these conditions, and telling the user how to view a copy of this
License. (Exception: if the Program itself is interactive but
does not normally print such an announcement, your work based on
the Program is not required to print an announcement.)
These requirements apply to the modified work as a whole. If
identifiable sections of that work are not derived from the Program,
and can be reasonably considered independent and separate works in
themselves, then this License, and its terms, do not apply to those
sections when you distribute them as separate works. But when you
distribute the same sections as part of a whole which is a work based
on the Program, the distribution of the whole must be on the terms of
this License, whose permissions for other licensees extend to the
entire whole, and thus to each and every part regardless of who wrote it.
Thus, it is not the intent of this section to claim rights or contest
your rights to work written entirely by you; rather, the intent is to
exercise the right to control the distribution of derivative or
collective works based on the Program.
In addition, mere aggregation of another work not based on the Program
with the Program (or with a work based on the Program) on a volume of
a storage or distribution medium does not bring the other work under
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implemented by public license practices. Many people have made
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This section is intended to make thoroughly clear what is believed to
be a consequence of the rest of this License.
8. If the distribution and/or use of the Program is restricted in
certain countries either by patents or by copyrighted interfaces, the
original copyright holder who places the Program under this License
may add an explicit geographical distribution limitation excluding
those countries, so that distribution is permitted only in or among
countries not thus excluded. In such case, this License incorporates
the limitation as if written in the body of this License.
9. The Free Software Foundation may publish revised and/or new versions
of the General Public License from time to time. Such new versions will
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Each version is given a distinguishing version number. If the Program
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NO WARRANTY
11. BECAUSE THE PROGRAM IS LICENSED FREE OF CHARGE, THERE IS NO WARRANTY
FOR THE PROGRAM, TO THE EXTENT PERMITTED BY APPLICABLE LAW. EXCEPT WHEN
OTHERWISE STATED IN WRITING THE COPYRIGHT HOLDERS AND/OR OTHER PARTIES
PROVIDE THE PROGRAM "AS IS" WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESSED
OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF
MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE ENTIRE RISK AS
TO THE QUALITY AND PERFORMANCE OF THE PROGRAM IS WITH YOU. SHOULD THE
PROGRAM PROVE DEFECTIVE, YOU ASSUME THE COST OF ALL NECESSARY SERVICING,
REPAIR OR CORRECTION.
12. IN NO EVENT UNLESS REQUIRED BY APPLICABLE LAW OR AGREED TO IN WRITING
WILL ANY COPYRIGHT HOLDER, OR ANY OTHER PARTY WHO MAY MODIFY AND/OR
REDISTRIBUTE THE PROGRAM AS PERMITTED ABOVE, BE LIABLE TO YOU FOR DAMAGES,
INCLUDING ANY GENERAL, SPECIAL, INCIDENTAL OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING
OUT OF THE USE OR INABILITY TO USE THE PROGRAM (INCLUDING BUT NOT LIMITED
TO LOSS OF DATA OR DATA BEING RENDERED INACCURATE OR LOSSES SUSTAINED BY
YOU OR THIRD PARTIES OR A FAILURE OF THE PROGRAM TO OPERATE WITH ANY OTHER
PROGRAMS), EVEN IF SUCH HOLDER OR OTHER PARTY HAS BEEN ADVISED OF THE
POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES.
END OF TERMS AND CONDITIONS
Appendix: How to Apply These Terms to Your New Programs
If you develop a new program, and you want it to be of the greatest
possible use to the public, the best way to achieve this is to make it
free software which everyone can redistribute and change under these terms.
To do so, attach the following notices to the program. It is safest
to attach them to the start of each source file to most effectively
convey the exclusion of warranty; and each file should have at least
the "copyright" line and a pointer to where the full notice is found.
<one line to give the program's name and a brief idea of what it does.>
Copyright (C) 19yy <name of author>
This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
(at your option) any later version.
This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
GNU General Public License for more details.
You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
Foundation, Inc., 59 Temple Place, Suite 330, Boston, MA 02111 USA
Also add information on how to contact you by electronic and paper mail.
If the program is interactive, make it output a short notice like this
when it starts in an interactive mode:
Gnomovision version 69, Copyright (C) 19yy name of author
Gnomovision comes with ABSOLUTELY NO WARRANTY; for details type `show w'.
This is free software, and you are welcome to redistribute it
under certain conditions; type `show c' for details.
The hypothetical commands `show w' and `show c' should show the appropriate
parts of the General Public License. Of course, the commands you use may
be called something other than `show w' and `show c'; they could even be
mouse-clicks or menu items--whatever suits your program.
You should also get your employer (if you work as a programmer) or your
school, if any, to sign a "copyright disclaimer" for the program, if
necessary. Here is a sample; alter the names:
Yoyodyne, Inc., hereby disclaims all copyright interest in the program
`Gnomovision' (which makes passes at compilers) written by James Hacker.
<signature of Ty Coon>, 1 April 1989
Ty Coon, President of Vice
This General Public License does not permit incorporating your program into
proprietary programs. If your program is a subroutine library, you may
consider it more useful to permit linking proprietary applications with the
library. If this is what you want to do, use the GNU Library General
Public License instead of this License.
This is release 1.1 of Stella. You'll find the Stella Users Manual in
the docs subdirectory. If you'd like to verify that you have the latest
release of Stella visit the web site at:
http://stella.atari.org
If you find any problems please let me know.
Bradford W. Mott
February 26, 1999
bwmott@acm.org